Labor, Employment & Economic Participation

  •  Preliminary results of the October 2016 Labor Force Survey (LFS) showed a 0.8 decrease in the Labor Force Participation Rate (LFPR) for females at 46.3% (from 50.1% in 2015), and 0.5 increase for males at 77.8% (from 77.3% in 2015).

  • The numbers of employed and unemployed Filipinos in October 2016 (preliminary results) were estimated at 41.7 million and 2.0 million, respectively. Female employment was estimated at 16.2 million compared to 25.5 million males.

  • Female unemployment rate for the same period was relatively lower at 4.3% which is equivalent to 727 thousand compared to male at 4.9% which is estimated at 1.3 million.

Average Number of Employed Persons, by Major Occupation Group and by Sex (in thousands): 2007 - 2014

Major Occupation Group

2007

2008

2009

2010

F

M

F

M

F

M

F

M

Officials of Government & Special-Interest Organizations, Corporate Executives, Managers, Managing Proprietors & Supervisors

2,281

1,677

2,372

1,955

2,520

2,202

2,625

2,354

Supervisors

1,007

447

1,047

479

1,100

508

1,155

531

Technicians & Associate Professionals

465

443

444

431

484

448

495

458

Clerks

1,043

609

1,095

621

1,154

706

1,250

753

Service Workers & Shop & Market Sales Workers

1,665

1,583

1,716

1,678

1,864

1,808

1,947

1,891

Farmers, Forestry Workers & Fishermen

930

5,139

856

5,143

834

5,017

843

4,904

Trades & Related Workers

690

2,121

597

2,133

564

2,098

579

2,213

Plant & Machine Operators & Assemblers

241

2,332

225

2,129

189

2,030

219

2,040

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

4,677

6,072

4,759

6,262

4,926

6,459

4,970

6,652

Special Occupations

19

120

19

128

22

128

30

125

Total

13,018

20,543

13,130

20,959

13,657

21,404

14,113

21,921

continuation...

Major Occupation Group

2011

2012

2013

2014

F

M

F

M

F

M

F

M

Officials of Government & Special-Interest Organizations, Corporate Executives, Managers, Managing Proprietors & Supervisors

2,720

2,497

2,667

2,941

2,909

3,264

2,918

3,248

Supervisors

1,183

549

1,229

578

1,265

609

1,277

648

Technicians & Associate Professionals

505

480

495

534

496

500

512

478

Clerks

1,308

801

1,318

798

1,393

855

1,492

912

Service Workers & Shop & Market Sales Workers

2,102

2,039

2,313

2,240

2,387

2,307

2,463

2,393

Farmers, Forestry Workers & Fishermen

840

4,875

819

4,478

779

4,215

866

4,352

Trades & Related Workers

576

2,193

454

2,057

446

2,154

422

2,204

Plant & Machine Operators & Assemblers

247

1,998

246

1,768

272

1,755

268

1,732

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

5,104

7,013

5,193

7,354

5,005

7,398

5,050

7,298

Special Occupations

33

129

17

100

15

93

17

101

Total

14,618

22,574

14,751

22,848

14,967

23,150

15,285

23,366

 

  • From 2007 to 2014, most men were employed as laborers and unskilled workers. The other major occupation groups where most men were employed are: officials of the government and special interest organizations, trades and related workers, and plant and machine operators and assemblers. –PSA Handbook

  • On the other hand, most women were consistently employed as laborers and unskilled workers from 2007 - 2014. Also included in the top five major occupation groups with the most number of women employed: officials of the government and special interest organizations, professionals, service workers and clerks. –PSA Handbook

  • In the October 2010 LFS, data show that employed males who completed high school or elementary are estimated at 26.7 percent and 15.9 percent, respectively; higher than that of employed females at 25.2 percent and 14.4 percent, respectively. Among employed females, 21.5 percent finished college which is higher compared with employed males at 10.6 percent.

  • The October 2010 LFS estimated a total of 5 million women laborers and unskilled workers and 6.7 million of their male counterpart. Women farmers, forestry workers, and fisherfolks were estimated at 839 thousand compared to 5.1 million men in the same occupation group. Likewise, women government officials, corporate executives, managing proprietors, managers and supervisors were estimated at 2.5 million while men in the same group were estimated at 2.4 million.

  • Of the total 14.2 million employed women in October 2010, around 7.5 million (53.0%) were wage and salary workers; 3.9 million (27.7%) were self-employed without any paid employee; and around 327 thousand (2.3%) were employer in own family-operated farm or business. As to the 22.3 million employed men, 12.3 million (55.0%) were wage and salary workers; 7.1 million (31.8%) were self-employed without any paid employee; and 1.1 million (4.8%) were employer in own family-operated farm or business.

  • Contrary to the standard, not all employed women and men were paid. There is, in fact, a considerable number of unpaid family workers. In October 2010, unpaid family workers in own family-operated farm or business were estimated at 4.3 million.  Of the total figures, 2.4 million (56.7%) were women while only 1.8 million (43.3%) were men.

  • Over the years since 2011, both women and men exhibited an increase in the number of registered business establishments with women business owners slightly higher. The difference was apparent from 2014 to 2016 where more women registered as owner of business establishments.

Number of Registered Business Establishment (Active) by Sex of the Owner, 2011 - 2016

Year

Female

Male

Unknown

Total

2011

      10,095

      9,616

      179,784

     199,495

2012

      18,973

    17,977

      261,281

     298,231

2013

      28,461

    25,806

      246,965

     301,232

2014

      59,073

    55,383

      232,654

     347,110

2015

    193,084

  178,016

138

     371,238

2016

    140,485

  131,816

-

     272,301

Total

    450,171

  418,614

      920,822

  1,789,607

Source: Department of Trade and Industry

  • It is noted that ‘Sex’ was added as mandatory field in the Department of Trade & Industry’s (DTI) Business Name Registration System (BNRS) since 2014 hence, the improvement in the sex-disaggregation of registered business owners.

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