Statistics on violence against Filipino women

  • The 2008 National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO) introduced the "Women Safety Module" which aims to capture the extent and types of VAW experienced by women (15-49 years old). Information was collected on spousal violence - covering all forms of VAW: 1) physical violence; 2) sexual violence; 3) emotional violence; and 4) economic violence (the 3rd and 4th forms of VAW were grouped together in the survey as "other forms of violence"). The module also included questions on marital control, which may fall either under emotional/psychological violence or economic violence.

Physical Violence

  • The NDHS revealed that one in five women aged 15-49 has experienced physical violence since age 15; 14.4 percent of married women have experienced physical abuse from their husbands; and more than one-third (37%) of separated or widowed women have experienced physical violence, implying that domestic violence could be the reason for separation or annulment

Percentage of Women Age 15-49 Who Experienced Physical Violence

Sexual Violence

  • One in twenty five women age 15-49 who have ever had sex ever experienced forced first sexual intercourse

  • One in ten women age 15-49 ever experienced sexual violence

Physical Violence During Pregnancy

  • Overall, 4 percent of women who have ever been pregnant have ever experienced physical violence during pregnancy. The incident increases slightly with number of living children; decreases slightly with age; decreases with education level; and declines steadily with wealth quintile.

Physical Violence by Wealth Quintile

Physical Violence by Wealth Quintile

 

Physical Violence by Education

Spousal Violence

  • Emotional and other forms of non-personal violence are the most common types of spousal violence (23% of ever-married women). One in seven ever-married women experienced physical violence by their husbands while 8 percent experienced sexual violence by their husbands.

  • Patterns in prevalence of spousal violence are similar to those of violence experienced by woman 15-49. Most likely higher among separated, widowed and divorced; currently married women who have married more than once; and in CARAGA region, Central Visayas and SOCCSKSARGEN.

Physical Violence by Marital Status

Spousal Violence by Husband's Characteristics

  • Spousal Violence tends to decline as husband's age increases, education increases, and wealth quintile increases.

Consequences of Spousal Violence

  • One in three women who experienced physical/sexual violence reported having physical injuries such as cuts, bruises or aches. More than 10 percent reported to have suffered eye injuries, sprains, dislocations or burns, and about the same proportion reported that they attempted to commit suicide.

  • Three in five women who experienced physical/sexual violence reported having experienced psychological consequences like depression, anxiety and anger.

Consequences of Spousal Violence

Violence Initiated by Women Against Husbands

  • Women were asked, "Have you ever hit, slapped, kicked, or done anything else to physically hurt your (last) husband at times when he was not already beating or physically hurting you?". 16 percent answered "Yes, ever" and 9 percent answered "Yes, in the last 12 months"

VAW Reported to the Philippine National Police

VAW Cases Reported to the PNP: 1997-2013

Rape Cases Reported to the PNP: 1997-2013

RA 9262 Cases Reported to the PNP: 2004-2013

Physical Injury Cases Reported to PNP: 1997-2013

  • In 2013 the number of VAW cases reported to the Philippine National Police (PNP) increases by 49.4 percent from 2012 report. The increase caused the trend to go upward again after it decreases in 2011.

  • The 2013 report is so far the highest number of reported VAW cases since 1997.

  • The trend, however, is not conclusive of a decreasing or increasing VAW incidence in the country because data are based only from what was reported to PNP.

  • Across a ten-year period from 2004 to 2013, average violations of RA 9262 ranked first at 57 percent among the different VAW categories since its implementation in 2004.

  • Reported cases under RA 9262 continue to increase from 218 in 2004 to 16,517 cases in 2013. Continuous information campaign on the law and its strict implementation may have caused the increasing trend.

  • Since 2004, wife battering cases have been categorized under ‘Violation of RA 9262’ that is, if the victim files a case under such law, otherwise the reported cases will fall under physical injuries category.

  • Physical injury is the second most prevalent case across the ten-year period, accounting for 19.7 percent of all reported VAW cases nationwide.

Violence against women statistics in the Philippines

Table 1. Annual Comparative Statistics on Violence Against Women, 2004 - 2012

Reported Cases 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013
Rape 997 927 659 837 811 770 1,042 832 1,030 1,259
Incestuous Rape 38 46 26 22 28 27 19 23 33 26
Attempted Rape 194 148 185 147 204 167 268 201 256 317
Acts of Lasciviousness 580 536 382 358 445 485 745 625 721 1,035
Physical Injuries 3,553 2,335 1,892 1,505 1,307 1,498 2,018 1,588 1,744 3,564
Sexual Harassment 53 37 38 46 18 54 83 63 41 196
RA 9262 218 924 1,269 2,387 3,599 5,285 9,974 9,021 11,531 16,517
Threats 319 223 199 182 220 208 374 213 240 426
Seduction 62 19 29 30 19 19 25 15 10 8
Concubinage 121 102 93 109 109 99 158 128 146 199
RA 9208 17 11 16 24 34 152 190 62 41 45
Abduction / Kidnapping 29 16 34 23 28 18 25 22 20 23
Unjust Vexation 90 50 59 59 83 703 183 155 156 250
Total 6,271 5,374 4,881 5,729 6,905 9,485 15,104 12,948 15,969 23,865

Source: Philippine National Police - Women and Children Protection Center (WCPC)

 

  • Reported incidence of physical injury has been decreasing in the latter years. Its peak was in 2001 at 5,668 reported cases.

  • The decrease can be partly attributed to the enactment into law of RA 9262 or Anti-VAWC Act of 2004 which penalizes abusive husbands and live-in partners. However, in 2009 and 2010 the reported cases show an increasing trend which slides back in 2011. The trend starts to increase again in 2012 and 2013.

  • Reported rape cases which ranked third accounted for about 8.6 percent of total reported VAW cases from 2004 to 2013.
  • Acts of lasciviousness ranked fourth at an average of 591 reported cases accounting for 5.5 percent of all reported VAW cases from 2004 to 2013. The comparative figures indicate an upward trend of the reported cases after a record low of 358 reported cases in 2007.

  • Among the different regions, Region 6 (Western Visayas) posted the highest reported VAW cases from January to December 2013 with 4,833 reported cases, accounting for 20.3 percent of the total reported VAW cases nationwide.

  • Region 11 (Davao) comes next at 4,411 (18.5%) reported VAW cases followed by Region 7 (Central Visayas) with 3,460 reported VAW cases or 14.5 percent of the total reported VAW cases nationwide.

  • The Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao (ARMM) posted the lowest reported VAW cases with 86 cases in 2013.

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