Laws, Issuances and other Legislation on Women

General Appropriations Act of 1999

This Act provides that a certain percentage of the appropriation for government agencies shall be earmarked for gender and development.

Social Reform and Poverty Alleviation Act

An act institutionalizing the social reform and poverty alleviaton program, creating for the purposes the national anti-poverty commission, defining its powers and functions, and for other purposes

Philippine National Police Reform and Reorganization Act of 1998

For a female to be qualified as a member of PNP, she must be at least one meter and fifty-seven centimeters (1.57 m) in height. It also provides for a Women's Desk in all police stations to administer and attend to cases involving crimes against chastity, sexual harassment, abuses committed against women and children and similar offenses. Ten percent of its annual recruitment shall be reserved for women. There shall also be a gender sensitivity program to ensure equal opportunities, prevention of sexual harassment in the workplace, and prohibition of discrimination on the basis of sex.

Domestic Adoption Act of 1998

Through this enactment, the State would like to provide alternative protection and assistance through foster care or adoption to neglected, orphaned or abandoned children.

Under the Family Code, an action or defense for the declaration of nullity of marriage based on psychological incapacity shall prescribe in ten years from the passage of said Code. However, this law changed that rule, such action or defense, therefore, shall no longer prescribe.

General Appropriations Act of 1998

This Act provides that a certain percentage of the appropriation for government agencies shall be earmarked for gender and development.

Health Research and Development Act of 1998

The NIH shall serve as the coordinating body of existing research institutes in UP Manila and such other institutes and health research programs which may be subsequently created. It aims to promote science and technology research and development in the field of health as well as ensure that the results of the health research and development activities are used to improve the health of both men and women. The public and other health institutions shall have the access to the research findings, facilities and other resources of the institutes.

Philippine AIDS Prevention and Control Act of 1998

This law was enacted to promote public awareness about HIV/AIDS. There shall be HIV/AIDS education in schools, in the workplace, for Filipinos going abroad, for communities and for tourists and transients.

This law is a recognition by the state of the rights of every person suspected or known to be infected by HID/AIDS. It declares unlawful compulsory HIV testing, recognized the right to privacy of individuals with HIV, discrimination against them was declared inimical to the individual and national interest. Furthermore, it assured the provision of basic health and social services for individuals with HIV as well as promotion of safety and universal precaution in practices and procedures that carry the risk of HIV transmission. It laid out requirements on the donation of blood, tissue or organ and guidelines on surgical and similar procedures.

It penalized the act of giving misleading information on HIV/AIDS prevention and control, the act of using unsafe practices and procedures, and the act of violating medical confidentiality.

This law made a commitment that the state shall positively address and seek to eradicate conditions that aggravate the spread of said infection, including but not limited to, poverty, gender inequality, prostitution, marginalization, drug abuse and ignorance.

This law will help women and men, especially those who are prostituted, to be aware of the dangers of HIV/AIDS and help them undertake precautionary measures to protect themselves from contracting said disease.

Rape Victim Assistance and Protection Act of 1998

A rape crisis center shall be established in every province and city to provide counseling, free legal assistance, ensure the privacy and safety of rape survivors, and to develop and undertake a training program for law enforcement officers, public prosecutors, lawyers, medico-legal officers, social workers, and barangay officials on human rights and responsibilities, gender sensitivity and legal management of rape cases. In recognition of the offended party's right to privacy, the law also provides for protective measures for the rape survivor such as: (1) the police officer or the examining physician must be of the same gender as the offended party; (2) only persons authorized by the offended party shall be allowed the examination room; (3) closed-door investigation, prosecution or trial; and (4) the name and personal circumstances of the offended party and/or the accused shall not be disclosed to the public.

The Tax Reform Act of 1997

Rates of Income Tax on Individual Citizen and Individual Resident Alien of the Philippines.