Laws, Issuances and other Legislation on Women

Health Research and Development Act of 1998

The NIH shall serve as the coordinating body of existing research institutes in UP Manila and such other institutes and health research programs which may be subsequently created. It aims to promote science and technology research and development in the field of health as well as ensure that the results of the health research and development activities are used to improve the health of both men and women. The public and other health institutions shall have the access to the research findings, facilities and other resources of the institutes.

Philippine AIDS Prevention and Control Act of 1998

This law was enacted to promote public awareness about HIV/AIDS. There shall be HIV/AIDS education in schools, in the workplace, for Filipinos going abroad, for communities and for tourists and transients.

This law is a recognition by the state of the rights of every person suspected or known to be infected by HID/AIDS. It declares unlawful compulsory HIV testing, recognized the right to privacy of individuals with HIV, discrimination against them was declared inimical to the individual and national interest. Furthermore, it assured the provision of basic health and social services for individuals with HIV as well as promotion of safety and universal precaution in practices and procedures that carry the risk of HIV transmission. It laid out requirements on the donation of blood, tissue or organ and guidelines on surgical and similar procedures.

It penalized the act of giving misleading information on HIV/AIDS prevention and control, the act of using unsafe practices and procedures, and the act of violating medical confidentiality.

This law made a commitment that the state shall positively address and seek to eradicate conditions that aggravate the spread of said infection, including but not limited to, poverty, gender inequality, prostitution, marginalization, drug abuse and ignorance.

This law will help women and men, especially those who are prostituted, to be aware of the dangers of HIV/AIDS and help them undertake precautionary measures to protect themselves from contracting said disease.

Rape Victim Assistance and Protection Act of 1998

A rape crisis center shall be established in every province and city to provide counseling, free legal assistance, ensure the privacy and safety of rape survivors, and to develop and undertake a training program for law enforcement officers, public prosecutors, lawyers, medico-legal officers, social workers, and barangay officials on human rights and responsibilities, gender sensitivity and legal management of rape cases. In recognition of the offended party's right to privacy, the law also provides for protective measures for the rape survivor such as: (1) the police officer or the examining physician must be of the same gender as the offended party; (2) only persons authorized by the offended party shall be allowed the examination room; (3) closed-door investigation, prosecution or trial; and (4) the name and personal circumstances of the offended party and/or the accused shall not be disclosed to the public.

The Tax Reform Act of 1997

Rates of Income Tax on Individual Citizen and Individual Resident Alien of the Philippines.

The Indigenous Peoples Rights Act of 1997

Section 26 contains provisions that ICC/ IP women shall enjoy land rights and opportunities with men in all spheres of life. It provides for her participation in the decision-making process in all levels as well, full access to education, maternal and child care, health, nutrition, housing services and training facilities.

Family Courts Act of 1997

Family Courts are to be established in every province and city to hear and decide cases involving children, including children in conflict with the law and matters relating to the family such as guardianship, annulment of marriage, declaration of nullity and legal separation, summary judicial proceedings under the Family Code, adoption, custody, support, constitution of the family home, cases of domestic violence against women and children.

Children's Television Act of 1997

The State recognizes the vital role of the youth in nation-building and shall promote and protect their physical, moral, spiritual, intellectual and social well-being by enhancing their over-all development, taking into account sectoral needs and conditions in the development of educational, cultural, recreational policies and programs addressed to them.

Anti-Squatting Law Repeal Act of 1997

An act repealing presidential decree entitle "Penalizing Squatting and other similar acts"

National Rural Women’s day

Declaring October 15, 1997, and of every year thereafter, as  “National  Rural Women's Day”

The Anti-Rape Law of 1997

The crime of rape is now a crime against persons under the Revised Penal Code. It broadened the definition of rape which may be committed by having carnal knowledge of a woman under certain circumstances or by committing acts of sexual assault. Survivors of rape and women's groups have long clamored for such a provision because they believe that the act of inserting objects into the genital or anal orifice is equally, if not more degrading. The law somehow recognized marital rape when it provided when the offender is the legal husband, forgiveness by the wife shall extinguish the criminal action or penalty