Population, Families & Households

  • The Philippines is among the most populous countries in the world, ranking 13th globally, 7th in Asia, and 2nd in the Southeast Asia. Its population continues to increase with an annual growth rate of 1.90 percent. (The World Factbook 2016, CIA)

  • In the 2010 Census of Population & Housing (CPH) conducted by the National Statistics Office (NSO), now the Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), the household population was placed at 92,097,978 persons (total population is 92,335,113) as of May 1, 2010 of which 50.4 percent were males and 49.6 percent were females. This resulted to a sex ratio of 102 males per 100 females, slightly higher than the sex ratio of 101 males per 100 females in 2000.

  • In 2010, half of the household population was younger or below 23.4 years (median age) which is higher than in 2000 at 21.3 years. The median age for females was 23.9 years while that for males was 22.9 years in 2010.

  • The voting-age population (18 years old and over) in 2010 reached 55.5 million, accounting for 60.3 percent of the total household population. There were more females at 27.9 million (50.3%) than males at 27.6 million (49.7%) among the voting-age population in 2010. In 2007 POPCEN the size of the voting-age population recorded was 51.1 million, or 57.9 percent of the total household population.

  • In 2010, the country’s school-age population (5 to 24 years old) was recorded at 38.5 million (41.8%) of which 18.8 million (48.9%) were females and 19.7 million (51.1%) were males.

  • Senior citizens or those aged 60 years old and over in 2010 comprised 6.8 percent (6.3 million) of the household population which is higher than the 6.0 percent recorded in 2000. Females were recorded at 3.5 million (55.8%) while males at 2.5 million (44.2%).

  • Of the household population 10 years old and over in 2007, 45.3 percent were married while 44.3 percent were never married.  The rest of the household population was categorized as follows: widowed (4.3%), divorced/separated (1.2%), common law / live-in marital arrangement (4.5%), and unknown marital status (0.4%).

  • Among never-married persons, a higher proportion of males (53.8%) than females (46.2%) was reported in 2007. Meanwhile, the proportion of females was higher than males among married persons (50.4%), widowed (76.0%), divorced/separated (62.7%), and those in common law/live-in marital arrangement (50.7%).

  • The 2013 National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) conducted by the former NSO indicated a steady decline in fertility at 3.0 children per woman from 3.7 in 1998 and 3.3 in 2008.

  • The 2013 NDHS showed that women in poor households had the tendency to bear more children than those who are well-off. The wealth index showed that women in the poorest households bear more children at an average of 5.2 children per woman compared to an average of 1.7 children per woman in the wealthiest households. The figures are more or less the same with the 2008 NDHS at 5.2 and 1.9 children per woman respectively.

  • The results also showed that women who only reached elementary level bear an average of 4.6 children, more than twice the TFR of those with college education at 2.1 children. In 2008 NDHS, the figures were more or less the same at 4.5 and 2.3 children per woman, respectively.

  • Between 1970 and 2012 the number of female-headed households slightly increased. The population census and other household-based surveys revealed an increasing trend in the percentage of female-headed households: 10.0 percent in 1970; 11.3 percent in 1990; 12.2 percent in 1995; 13.5 percent in 2000; 15.4 percent in 2003; 16.6 in 2008; 21.3 percent in 2009; and 22.7 in 2012.

  • The average size of Filipino households slightly declined from 5.0 persons in 2000 to 4.8 persons in 2007. In 1995, female-headed households, on the average, had a size of 4 persons while male-headed households had 5.2.

* Household population
** Projected population
1 The Women’s Economic Opportunity Index is a dynamic quantitative and qualitative scoring model, constructed from 26 indicators, that measures specific attributes of the environment for women employees and entrepreneurs in different economies. It is defined as a set of laws, regulations, practices, customs and attitudes that allow women to participate in the workforce under conditions roughly equal to those of men, whether as wage-earning employees or as owners of a business - Economist Intelligence Unit