Health and Family Planning

  • Life expectancy is one of the indicators of human development. Current projection (2010-2015) of life expectancy at birth rose by 1.5 years for both males and females from the 2005-2010 projections. The current projected female life expectancy remains higher at 73.14 years compared with men at 67.61 years.

  • The latest Family Health Survey (FHS) conducted by NSO in 2011 revealed that for every 100,000 live births in the Philippines, 221 mothers die during pregnancy and childbirth or shortly after childbirth.

  • The ratio of maternal deaths to live births increased in 2011 from an estimated 162 deaths from the Family Planning Survey (FPS) in 2006; 172 deaths from the National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) in 1998, and 209 deaths from the National Demographic Survey (NDS) conducted in 1993.

     2000-2025

  • At 22 percent decrease rate from the 1990 baseline, the decrease of the current maternal mortality ratio is still far from the 53 deaths MDG target for 2015.

 1993 - 2011

  • In 2006, 6 out of 10 married women, 15 to 49 years old, were at risk of conceiving a child with an elevated risk of mortality.

  • These women were considered at risk either because they were impregnated at an early age (less than 18 years) or too old (age 35 or older) or have more than 3 previous births at an unacceptably short birth interval (less than 24 months). The estimate was higher than the 2005 estimate of 50.6 percent (around 5 out of 10 women).

  • In 2011, 49 in every 100 women or 48.9 percent of child-bearing age were using a family planning method.

  • For women who are using modern methods, the 2011 estimate was 36.9 percent (around 37 for every 100 women) from the previous 34.0 percent in 2008.

 2004 - 2011

  • Traditional methods such as Withdrawal, Calendar/Rhythm/Periodic Abstinence, etc. were still used by women with 12.0 percent (or around 12 for every 100 women) in 2011 and 16.7 percent in 2008.

  • The most preferred contraceptive method used by women in 2011 is pills at 19.8 percent with an increase from 15.7 percent in 2008. Female sterilization came next at 8.6 percent, which slightly decreased from 9.2 percent in 2008.

  • The public sector continues to be the main provider of modern family planning methods in 2008. For female ligation (sterilization), 7 out of 10 women had their operations in government hospitals; 8 out of 10 women had their IUD in public facilities; and 8 out of 10 women had their injectables also from public facilities. Pills (7 out of 10 users) and condoms (8 out of 10 users) were purchased/acquired in the private sector.

  • The 2008 NDHS revealed that most pregnant women (91.1%) received antenatal care from skilled providers like doctors, nurses and midwives. About 39.1 percent of them received care from medical doctors, 50.6 percent received care from midwives, 1.4 percent from nurses, 5.0 percent from hilots, while 3.8 percent of pregnant women received no antenatal care at all.

  • The 2006 FPS also revealed that 6 out of 10 birth deliveries or 56.5 percent occurred at home; 27.1 percent (3 out of 10) in public health facilities; and 15.3 percent (2 out of 10) in private health facilities. Most birth deliveries occurring at home were attended by Hilots (traditional midwives) at 50.4 percent (5 out of 10 birth deliveries). Likewise, medical doctors were the leading birth attendants in cities and other urban areas at 50.9 percent (5 out of 10 birth deliveries).

  • The 2003 National Nutrition Survey revealed the prevalence of 5 nutrition-related and lifestyle risk factors, namely 1) dyslipidemia, 2) diabetes 3) hypertension 4) smoking and 5) obesity. Based on the results, hypertension remained relatively high. Smoking is the most common lifestyle risk factor. The prevalence of smoking in women is relatively low at 12.1 percent compared with that of men at 56.3 percent.

  • On the same note, 26.6 percent of pregnant women and 11.7 percent lactating women are underweight. Anemia remains a health problem among pregnant and lactating women at 43.9 percent and 42.2 percent respectively.

  • In 2013, the Department of Health recorded 4,814 new cases of HIV Ab Sero-positive. The figure is 44.2% higher than the 3,338 new cases recorded in 2012. Most of the cases (93%) were asymptomatic while 7 percent are full-blown AIDS. Female victims accounted 4.8 percent (231 cases) while males accounted the remaining 95.2 percent (4,583 cases).

  •  Since January 1984 until December 2013, the DOH’s HIV/AIDS Registry documented a total of 16,516 reported cases of HIV Ab Sero-positive. 9 out of 10 (15,009 cases) were asymptomatic or in a stage of chronic infection during which there are no symptoms of HIV infection, while1 out of 10 (1,507 cases) were full-blown AIDS resulting to 887 total reported deaths.

  •  From January 1984 to December 2013, women with HIV/AIDS were recorded at 1,846 cases (11.2%) with 5.1 percent belonging to <19 years old age group; 42.0 percent in the 20-29 age group; 34.5 percent in the 30-39 age group; and 18.4 percent in the 40 and older age group. Men were higher at 14,659 HIV/AIDS cases (88.8%) with 3.1 percent belonging to <19 years old age group; 54.4 percent in the 20-29 age group; 29.2 percent in the 30-39 age group; and 13.3 percent in the 40 and older age group.

  •  Sexual contact is still the leading mode of transmission accounting for 92.9 percent of the total cases and 97.5 percent of the OFW cases. Homosexual contact accounted for 41.7 percent; heterosexual contact, 24.7 percent; and bisexual contact, 26.6 percent.

  •  Of the total cases since 1984, 2,639 (16%) are OFWs, of which 516 are women.

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