Overseas Employment

  • There were generally more men than women working abroad although female OFWs outnumbered their male counterparts in years 2001, 2006, 2014 and 2015. The estimated number of men working abroad decreased and increased alternately from 2000 to 2004, then increased predominantly from 2004 to 2015. The estimated number of women working abroad also generally increased from 2000 to 2015, except in 2002, 2003 and 2009. –PSA Handbook

  • In 2015, there were more female overseas workers at an estimated total of 1.250 million workers than the estimated total of 1.197 million male workers. More than half of the female overseas workers belong to age groups 25-29 and 30-34, while for the same age groups for men, they account for more than 40 percent. –PSA Handbook

 

Age Group with the Largest Proportion of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFW): 2000 - 2015

Year

Female

Male

2000

25-29

45 and over

2001

25-29

45 and over

2002

25-29

45 and over

2003

25-29

45 and over

2004

25-29

45 and over

2005

25-29

45 and over

2006

25-29

45 and over

2007

25-29

45 and over

2008

25-29

25-29

2009

25-29

25-29

2010

25-29

30-34

2011

25-29

45 and over

2012

25-29

45 and over

2013

25-29

30-34

2014

25-29

30-34

2015

25-29

30-34

Source: Survey on Overseas Filipinos (SOF), PSA
Note: 2014 SOF did not include Leyte

  • From 2000 to 2015, the largest proportion of the estimated number of female OFWs consistently identified in the age group of 25-29 years old while most male OFWs were aged 45 and over for most of the years. In recent years, relatively younger men were becoming overseas Filipino. –PSA Handbook

  • Most female OFWs worked in Hong Kong from 2000 to 2004. However, starting 2005, Central Asia has been their most common destination: Saudi Arabia being prominent in 2005, 2006, 2014 and 2015 and U.A.E in 2007 to 2013. Meanwhile, Saudi Arabia has remained the top destination for male OFWs since 2000. –PSA Handbook

Most Common Destination of Overseas Filipino Workers (OFW), by Sex: 2000 - 2015

Year

Female

Male

2000

Hong Kong

Saudi Arabia

2001

Hong Kong

Saudi Arabia

2002

Hong Kong

Saudi Arabia

2003

Hong Kong

Saudi Arabia

2004

Hong Kong

Saudi Arabia

2005

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

2006

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

2007

United Arab Emirates

Saudi Arabia

2008

United Arab Emirates

Saudi Arabia

2009

United Arab Emirates

Saudi Arabia

2010

United Arab Emirates

Saudi Arabia

2011

United Arab Emirates

Saudi Arabia

2012

United Arab Emirates

Saudi Arabia

2013

United Arab Emirates

Saudi Arabia

2014

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

2015

Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia

Source: Survey on Overseas Filipinos (SOF), PSA
Note: 2014 SOF did not include Leyte

  • Most Filipino women abroad were employed as laborers & unskilled workers from 2001 to 2015. On the other hand, Filipino men abroad were mostly employed as trade and related workers and plant and machine operators and assemblers. –PSA Handbook

Most Common Occupation of Overseas Filipino Workers, by Sex: 2000 - 2015

Year

Female

Male

2000

Service Workers

Production & Related Workers Transport & Equipment Operators & Laborers

2001

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Plant & Machine Operators & Assemblers

2002

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Trades & Related Workers

2003

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Plant & Machine Operators & Assemblers

2004

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Plant & Machine Operators & Assemblers

2005

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Trades & Related Workers

2006

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Trades & Related Workers

2007

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Trades & Related Workers

2008

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Trades & Related Workers

2009

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Trades & Related Workers

2010

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Trades & Related Workers

2011

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Plant & Machine Operators & Assemblers

2012

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Plant & Machine Operators & Assemblers & Trades & Related Workers

2013

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Trades & Related Workers

2014

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Trades & Related Workers

2015

Laborers & Unskilled Workers

Plant & Machine Operators & Assemblers

Source: Survey on Overseas Filipinos (SOF), PSA
Note: The 2000 SOF used a different major occupation group.
2014 SOF did not include Leyte

  • In 2015, more than half or 54.5% of female OFWs were working as Laborers and Unskilled workers while 23.2% or majority of male OFWs were working as Plant and machine operators and assemblers. –PSA Handbook

  • The estimated average remittance of female OFWs has consistently been lower than their male counterparts since 2000. Estimated average remittances went up 33.75% for men and 17.24% times for women from 2000 to 2015. Furthermore, estimated average remittances of both sexes had the percent highest increases from 2003 to 2004 at 34.7% and 31% for men and women, respectively. Estimated average remittances were at their highest in 2012 and 2014 for men and 2008 for women. –PSA Handbook

  • The estimated total number of registered Filipino emigrants was at its peak in 2015. Male emigrants had a higher percent share from 2000 to 2014 although in 2015, female emigrants increased in numbers resulting to a higher percent share than males that year. –PSA Handbook

  • The estimated number of female emigrants was at its highest in 2015, increasing by 63.5% from the previous year. As a result, female emigrants surpassed the estimated number of their male counterparts. The highest estimated number of male emigrants was in 2006, increasing by 21.6% from 2005. –PSA Handbook

  • In the 2012 Survey on Overseas Filipinos (SOF) conducted by the National Statistics Office, now Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA), the estimated total number of overseas Filipinos “whose departure occurred within the last five years and who are working or had worked abroad during the past six months (April to September) of the survey period” was estimated at 2.22 million. There was an increase (2.9%) over the previous year’s estimate of 2.158 million OFWs.

  • Of the 2.22 million OFWs in 2012, female OFWs were estimated at 1.072 million (48.3%) or an increase of 3.9 percent from the 1.032 million estimated female OFWs in 2011.

  • Male OFWs accounted for 51.7 percent or around 1.148 million of the total OFWs in 2012. There was an increase of 1.95 percent from the estimated 1.126 million male OFWs in 2011.

  • Female OFWs in 2012 were generally younger than males.  Around 61.4 percent female OFWs were aged 15 to 34 years while only 48.2 percent male OFWs are of the same age group. There was a slight decrease of younger female OFWs because in 2011, an estimated 63.1 percent of the total female OFWs belonged to the 15 to 34 age group.

  • Luzon remains as the major source of Overseas Filipino Workers. In 2012, the top two sources of female OFWs were CALABARZON (Region IVA - Cavite, Laguna, Batangas, Rizal and Quezon) and Central Luzon (Region III) with 13.6 percent and 11.4 percent, respectively. Western Visayas (Region VI) comes 3rd at 10.6 percent. In 2011, Central Luzon topped the list followed by CALABARZON and Ilocos Region with 12.2 percent, 12.1 percent, and 10.4 percent respectively.

  • Likewise, CALABARZON, Central Luzon and National Capital Region remain to be the major sources of around 54.1 percent male OFWs in 2012, higher than the 52.1 percent male OFWs that the same regions produced in 2011.

  • Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Singapore were the top three countries of destination accounting 43.0 percent of the total OFWs in 2012.  In 2011, it was Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates and Qatar with 44.1 percent.

  • Of the estimated 1.072 million female OFWs, 16.9 percent were in United Arab Emirates, 12.4 percent in Saudi Arabia and 11.0 percent in Hongkong. In the 2011 figure of 1.03 million female OFWs, United Arab Emirates accounted for 18.1 percent; Saudi Arabia with 14.1 percent; and Hongkong with 10.5 percent.

  • As to male OFWs, Saudi Arabia continues to be the top destination with 22.7 percent in 2012 and 30.5 percent in 2011. Second is United Arab Emirates with around 13.1 percent and 11.3 percent of the total male OFWs in 2012 and 2011, respectively.

  • In 2012, 55.0 percent of the female OFWs were Laborers and Unskilled Workers, slightly lower compared to the 2011 report at 55.5 percent. On the other hand, an estimated 46.4 percent of male OFWs in 2012 and 47.3 in 2011 were Trades and Related Workers / Plant and Machine Operators and Assemblers.
     

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