Agriculture

  •  The Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Program is a government initiative that aims to grant landless farmers and farmworkers ownership of agricultural lands. The rights and responsibilities of the beneficiaries shall commence from their receipt of a duly registered Emancipation Patent (EPs) or certificate of land ownership award and their actual physical possession of the awarded land. –PSA Handbook

Number of Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries of Certificate of Land Ownership Agreements (CLOA), by Sex: 2000 - 2015

Year

Female

Male

Total

Number

% Share

Number

% Share

Number

2000

358,255

30.1

831,343

69.9

1,189,598

2001

18,575

30.6

42,128

69.4

60,703

2002

20,846

31.8

44,709

68.2

65,555

2003

19,931

32.3

41,714

67.7

61,645

2004

20,163

34.3

38,660

65.7

58,823

2005

22,847

37.4

38,221

62.6

61,068

2006

28,724

37.8

47,222

62.2

75,946

2007

33,565

38.5

53,622

61.5

87,187

2008

33,306

39.6

50,815

60.4

84,121

2009

14,028

40.2

20,832

59.8

34,860

2010

22,349

41.2

31,917

58.8

54,266

2011

15,145

38.1

24,573

61.9

39,718

2012

12,997

40.4

19,198

59.6

32,195

2013

16,795

38.1

27,268

61.9

44,063

2014

10,429

36.1

18,470

63.9

28,899

2015

5,990

33.6

11,817

66.4

17,807

Total

653,945

32.8

1,342,509

67.2

1,996,454

Source: Department of Agrarian Reform
Note: 1/ Data for 2000 is the cumulative result of the previous years up to 2000.

  •  As of 2015, there had been a total of 415,714 agrarian reform beneficiaries awarded with EPs in the country. It may be noted that of the total EP holders, 13.8 percent are women and 86.2 percent are men. –PSA Handbook
  •  The highest number of women beneficiaries for the period 2001-2015 was recorded in year 2003 and 2009 with 1,308 and 1,040 women Agrarian Reform Beneficiaries (ARBs) of Emancipation Patents, respectively. –PSA Handbook
  •  On the other hand, among the 1,996,454 agrarian reform beneficiaries of Certificate of Land Ownership Agreements (CLOAs), 32.8 percent are women and 67.2 percent are men as of 2015. –PSA Handbook

Wage Rates of Women and Men Agricultural Workers: 2000 - 2011

Year

Female

Male

Nominal

Real

Nominal

Real

2000

113.73

134.32

2001

114.59

107.29

138.55

129.73

2002

120.39

109.45

143.67

130.61

2003

127.71

112.22

147.93

129.99

2004

134.13

111.22

152.95

126.82

2005

142.21

109.56

161.70

124.58

2006

153.10

111.02

167.86

121.72

2007

165.95

117.03

173.59

122.42

2008

178.89

115.41

189.77

122.43

2009

185.66

116.04

195.65

122.28

2010

188.86

113.77

200.66

120.88

2011

188.86

113.77

200.66

120.88

 

  •  Over the years, the percentage of women beneficiaries remains to be below 50 percent. The lowest percentage share of women was recorded in 2001 with 30.6 percent and the highest in 2010 with 41.2 percent. –PSA Handbook
  •  The daily nominal wage rates of agricultural women and men workers show an increasing trend from 2000 to 2011. On the other hand, the daily real wage rate of women and men agricultural workers from 2000 to 2011 was observed lower than the nominal wage and the disparity between the nominal and the real wage rates on both sexes showed increased from 2001 to 2011. –PSA Handbook